Why is celebrated on March 8 Women’s Day?

On March 8 marks International Women’s Day, a date that achievements in the struggle for women’s equality, both at the political level as economic and social are held. It is also a protest day on the feminist agenda in which the milestones achieved and the remaining challenges are remembered: from getting equal pay to eradicate violence against women, to break down the barriers of many girls to enter school or increase women’s presence in political, legislative and executive bodies.

On 8 March is a national holiday in some countries like China, Russia, Vietnam and Bulgaria and has its origin in institutional August 1910, at the Second International Conference of Socialist Women held in Copenhagen, Denmark. In this meeting “a resolution which noted one day a year as International Women’s Day was adopted, and this would be a day to campaign for the right of women to vote and the political emancipation of women” as it stated in the history of the Socialist International Women.

Choosing the March was not a random decision. It was a symbolic date in the fight for women’s rights in the US, particularly in New York. In March 1908, more than 15,000 people demanded on the streets of the Big Apple better pay, voting rights, reduced working hours and decent working conditions. They were the heirs of the New York textile workers already in 1857, also in March, they began to mobilize for their labor rights to create their own unions two years later.

The March 1911 protests were backed by the tragic Triangle Factory fire Shirtwais New York, where the 25 of that month killed 146 workers, mostly women, due to lack of security measures. This event was the germ of the Union of Garment Workers, one of the most influential US

During World War and the Soviet Revolution, this date was chosen so that the women were positioned together against tyranny and for peace and equality;. In 1977, the General Assembly of the United Nations ( UN) proclaimed March 8 as International Day for Women’s Rights and International Peace.

Over the years, the celebration of March 8 has been incorporated in their struggle for equality and women’s diversities complex situation of women worldwide. Iran is an example of this and feminist militancy has taken to the streets of Tehran to defend social progress in stages of political change as 1979, with the arrival of the Islamic regime of Khomeini, or just six years ago, in 2007, when they claimed not be discriminated against by the current regime of Ahmadinejad and were repressed for it.

Also in Latin America, on March 8 it has been relevant since the eighties, severe political and social upheaval. The rights of African women, female poverty, feminicide in Mexico and Central America, the loss of social and labor rights as a result of the economic crisis, ablation or the status of women in Islam are some of the challenges for the March 8, which celebrated its centenary in 2011 with the creation of a new government agency: UN Women.