The right to vote of women in the world is one of the great achievements of feminism. New Zealand and Australia, in 1893 and 1902 respectively, were the first countries to recognize the right of citizens to elect their representatives and participate in public life. In Europe, the first state to include women’s suffrage was Finland, in 1906, the year in Britain protests of the suffragettes, led by Emmeline Pankhurst, and the United States dies one of his greatest fighters intensify, Susan B . Anthony.
Across the Atlantic Ocean, the US would achieve in 1920 the recognition of years of peaceful struggle from the Seneca Falls Convention of 1848. And in Latin America, Uruguay would be the first state in which the Constitution enshrines that women can vote
The first country in Latin America where women could participate in the democratic process was Uruguay, on July 3, 1927, in the local plebiscite Cerro Chato.
Legally, the Uruguayan Constitution of 1917 and incorporating women as subjects of civil rights and duties, including therefore the vote.
85 years of the recognition of the right of suffrage Ecuadorian met, although a very limited right to those who could prove their “authority” to do so. Actually it had to wait to 1967 to remove these restrictions.
If in other countries claim was collective in Ecuador had its own name: Matilde Hidalgo, the first woman to graduate from a secondary school, to earn a doctorate in medicine and in casting his vote, on May 10, 1924.
women’s suffrage only for literate women was passed in Puerto Rico, in 1929. It was on March 23, 1935 when it was extended to all citizens. The anarchist Luisa Capetillo was the union leader who led the claims.
Brazilian feminist Bertha Lutz, of European origin, met in person British suffragette movement and founded in 1922 the Brazilian Federation for Women’s Progress and the University of Women, in 1929.
Zoologist from the University of the Sorbonne in Paris, when he returned to Rio de Janeiro was hired by the National Museum at a time when it was forbidden for a woman to play a public office. Her feminist activism led her to study law and draft a bill so that women could vote.
With this basic text, in 1932 President Getulio Vargas authorized by decree the electoral participation of women in the largest country in Latin America.
In 1934, Cuban women getting recognition of the right to vote, but can only exercise until Batista coup in 1952.
75 years ago, Salvadoran able to participate in elections for the first time, but with limits that were not men, who had only to be over 18 to cast their votes. If I was single, she had to be over 30 years to vote (over 25, she was married). In both civil situations, it was necessary to have completed primary education. In 1950 the right to vote in absolute equality was recognized.
Among the great fighters for suffrage, stands Prudencia Ayala, of indigenous origin and first woman to run for President of the country in 1930.