Great pioneers, forgotten women, great women in history … every time it is more common that magazines and newspapers devote space to recognize the contributions of writers, political or scientific. and disclose the tip of the iceberg of a much broader and academic analysis by specialists herstory, “the branch of historiography devoted to the study of women in history”, as he explains Maria Castejon Leorza, PhD history and specialist representations, gender and media.
Castejon is a regular contributor to the magazine Magazine pikara well as author of the blog The princesses also scrub. He has just published the second part of his book ‘Stills gender. Representations of femininity and masculinity in the Spanish cinema (1977-1989) ‘, focusing on the films of the 90s, which we discussed with her in this interview.
Feminism What it is herstory and when began to study the history of women?
María Castejón The herstory ( ‘the history of them’, or in Spain, ‘women’s history’) emerged in the 60’s around feminisms of the second wave. Women have already agreed to the basic rights of citizenship including education included. Access to higher education assumes that a number of women to challenge traditional paradigms of knowledge from a gender perspective. Highlight the figure of Kate Millet, nortemericana first woman to hold a doctoral degree. It is a discipline that will hold in the 80s and 90s in our country.
F.-What is its purpose?
M. C. -The objectives are different. A first recovery of female figures, creation of genealogy and analysis of these figures in different processes it has gone to study power relations (patriarchal) that occur at all levels of society (economic, political, cultural, religious, ideological ….). Definitely not just about talking “women” but rather to deconstruct reality from feminisms.
F. What Areas of the ‘herstory’ are studying and divulging more today?
M.C.-In Spain, which is the area I know best, was started in the 80s by writing about women in the Second Republic and the Civil War. Also in the dictatorship. The theme of work, political participation of women, gender violence are most literature have generated. Also women in literature. In recent years it has begun to study on Cyberfeminisms and digital divide and, above all, with regard to gender representations in the audiovisual. However, there is some reluctance to analyze products of popular culture.
F.-always we have the impression that the best initiatives are carried out in the United States, but herstory you highlight any project in Latin America or Spain?
The Americans have been forefront on many occasions, but we can not forget the hegemonic and colonizer of the Yankee look. The Latin American world I know less, I think it’s a reflection of what comes here and is published has a Yankee and European bias. In Spain it highlights the work of the Spanish Association of Research History of Women. They have published books and conducted annually imprescinbibles meetings and conferences.
(You can access more information about Maria Castejon in the second part of this interview, and get more information on your blog or web of Community rapporteurs).