What is gender violence?

Many people in the world, regardless of their nationality, socioeconomic status or studies suffer sexist or gender violence. Official figures show that 1 in 3 women have suffered abuse, harassment, abuse, rape or any other manifestation of this social disease, the leading cause of death and disability in women aged 15 to 44, according to the United Nations. Sexist violence can be physical or sexual, but also psychological, “the most difficult to define” the psychologist Javier Medina

“It includes the intense and continuous humiliation, threats of physical violence, constant control and surveillance, mood changes without logic, continuous disapproval …”.

To identify gender aggression, denounce or prevent it in our environment as well as in educating children and adolescents is important to have clear concepts and differentiate the types of attacks.

The Beijing Conference 1995 United Nations defines it as “any act of violence based on gender which has the potential outcome or actual physical, sexual or psychological harm, including threats, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or in private life “.

The 1995 Beijing Conference also allowed to specify what types of violence are included in the “gender” to be reviewed in 2020, date for which is announced the V World Conference on Women

Also they considered violence against women, violations of human rights in situations of armed conflict, forced sterilization and abortion, infanticide, forced use of contraceptives or sexual slavery, among others.

Ending violence is one of the main lines of work of feminism, since the roots of abuse are in patriarchy and discrimination of women.

Greater social awareness of governments and the public about this problem, which has pierced the walls of the private sector, is one of the successes of the feminist movement in the last twenty years. However, it remains greater social awareness still needed as it often women of the situation by passing it culpabiliza (it is common to hear phrases like: “If the abuse is because she is left”), lack of social support for affected to rebuild their lives away from violent and the media do not always address the news with a gender perspective.

If you suffer sexist or gender violence, do not hesitate to ask for help. Phones like the 016 in Spain or centers closest to your neighborhood can help women.

(Source: United Nations UN Women.)