What is feminism? Several authors have proposed different meanings for this movement (for many) and critical attitude toward patriarchy (for others). We review some of them
1. One of the most accepted and comprehensive definition is the Catalan professor Sau i Victòria Sánchez
Sau i Sánchez highlights key concepts such as the fact that it is an organized movement, part of the existence of discrimination against women, and that implies a social transformation.
2. For the Chilean sociologist Julieta Kirkwood, feminism is “is the rebellion against the tremendous differences between what is postulated for all mankind and what we experience particularly women.”
3. In this sense, Simone de Beauvoir defined feminism as a “way of life individually and collectively fight”, providing the point of view of individuality.
4. Rosa Luz Martinez and Escapa, authors of A Guide to social and political participation of women
5. Another key authors of feminist theory, provides a definition Celia Amoros directly associated feminism with the concept of “vindication”, a genre that appears in the Enlightenment and that “equality claims based on a power irracionalización patriarchal and delegitimization of the sexual division of roles
Thus, for Amoros, many of the works prior to the ‘A Vindication of the Rights of Woman’ by Mary Wollstonecraft, be part of another category, that of “memorial of grievances”, in which women expose abuses power of men, abuse or misogynist literature. An example is ‘The City of Ladies’ ( ‘La cité des dames’, 1405) by Christine de Pizan, considered the first woman writer of history.
6. For the Egyptian feminist Nawal El Saadawi, “feminism is to free the mind of the patriarchal system, religion and capitalism, which are the main threats to women” (interview with daily El País).
7. Other key women in history, as Clara Campoamor also been defined throughout his work, but to conclusion and to close this approach to the definition of feminism is simple and interesting the proposed collective Women In the net
There is much confusion about the term, sometimes intentionally. Just use an Internet search engine to find a definition that attempts to trivialize or insist counterpose “feminism” to “chauvinism” when the second is the “attitude of arrogance of men towards women” (Dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy, RAE). SAR itself makes a highly criticized description from feminist movements
These meanings, as noted Nuria Varela, author of “Feminism for Beginners’, based on the premise that the model to achieve is the man (and capabilities) when the feminist doctrine has been working for more than three centuries to recognize the woman as a generator of their own change. The RAE also obvious in its definition own rights of women, for example, the right to abortion.