The employment situation of women in the world

Although the incorporation of women into employment continues to grow worldwide, wage inequality, partial contracts and the unequal distribution of tasks they are still a handicap to achieve a situation of labor justice. We recall some facts about the female labor market in the world

48% of women worldwide are employed, compared with 73% of men. The area of ​​the world with the greatest inequality is North Africa, where only works 18% of the female population compared with 68% of men;. More »

Worldwide, women hold 24% of senior management positions, according to UN Women.

Women hold 4.2% of the general management positions in the top 500 companies on the list 2013 of the journal ‘Fortune’. The first we find in the list is Meg Whitman, president and CEO of Hewlett Packard, ranking 15. Indeed, women must overcome several obstacles to accessing senior positions;. More »

In the world, there are 1,301 million 1,466 million women and men who are usually connected to the Internet. The so-called “digital divide” is becoming smoother worldwide (37% of online women, compared to 41% men), but is more pronounced for both sexes in the developing country (where 29% women use the Internet compared to 33% of men) .; More »

In the European Union, 32% of women work part-time contract, representing a rate four times higher than men (8%). The causes are caring for children, elderly or sick persons (for 45% of the employed in this embodiment) and not find a full-time job (to 24%) .; More »

53.7% of women work in the informal economy in Latin America and the Caribbean, which usually involves low pay and poor working conditions;. More »

Qatar and the United Arab Emirates, two of the world’s richest countries make it difficult for women to work or conduct business, because basic rights of women are violated, as not condemn sexual harassment or prevent the under 30 traveling without a male escort or book a hotel room.

In Saudi Arabia, the Ministry of Labour requires the separation of men and women in business and has determined 24 professions in which women forbidden to work, such as mining, oil, gas or construction;. More »

In Mexico there are more than two million domestic workers, according to the International Labour Organization, ILO, conducting seminars up to 14 hours without charging labor rights and very low amounts (from $ 120-140 a week).

Other countries such as Uruguay and Brazil have changed their laws to protect domestic workers sector. In Brazil, 6.5 million domestic workers have seen their rights are equated to those of other occupations, and established by law in all the days that exceed 44 hours per week will have to pay extra hours. More »

One of the major obstacles to women for their professional development, and, above all, to assume leadership positions in business, is the “double day”. That is, the unpaid work is done at home caring for children, elderly or infirm, organizing family life and doing housework.

In the EU, only 3% of households share the housework equally, according to the Time Use Survey. In Spain, women spend on average three men related to home and family work hours. More »

The unequal distribution of wages is a problem worldwide. If vien the incorporation of women into employment has increased, working conditions and wages are very different

Women produce 80% of food in the world but only owns 1% of the land, because in many cases their access to bank credit or to be holders is limited.

Discrimination against women in rural areas is a global problem, because it directly affects the ability to feed the planet. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), in the case of Mexico, the woman owns 20% of the land and are only allowed access to “micro-credit”, which limits their ability growth and their ability to escape poverty.

Equal access to agricultural resources would increase food production between 1.5 and 4%, according to the United Nations. This increase reduced by 150 million the number of people suffering from chronic hunger in the world. More »