The importance of Mexican feminism makes it almost impossible to classify in a single article to the great representatives of the different movements and stages. However, we wanted to approach the thinking and contributions of eight women from different fields, helped to change history and to defend the right to citizenship, education and sexual freedom. They, along with Frida Kahlo, Rita Cetina, Dolores Correa and many others, are critical to understanding the problems of women in Mexico and claims are held
Professor of Anthropology at the National Autonomous University of Mexico, Marcela Lagarde is one of the current Latin American large feminists and their studies have analyzed violence against women, myths of romantic love, the care economy or sisterhood, a term defined solidarity among women in patriarchal society.
Lagarde was a member of the Communist Party and deputy of the Mexican Federal Congress between 2003 and 2006 by the Party of the Democratic Revolution (PRD). As part of their work for the rights of women, is the inclusion in the Mexican penal code the crime of “femicide”, a term she coined to describe the killings of women in Ciudad Juarez.
Was the promoter of a commission of inquiry in Congress to investigate what happened in this city as well as general law of Access of Women to a Life Free of Violence, force in Mexico since February 2007.
Mexican poet Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz (1651-1695) used the verses to criticize the society of his time and reclaim public spaces for women and the right to education.
For some specialists like Anna Macias, author of “Against All Odds. The feminist movement in Mexico to 1940 ‘, his work is a pioneer of feminism.
Man fools who accuse women without reason without seeing that you the chance the same as you blame. (…) Always Your folly that with unequal level by a cruel you blame another for being too easy. ”
Schools, libraries and institutes throughout Mexico are named Lazos Florinda Leon (1898, San Cristobal de las Casas, Chiapas), who fought in the Mexican Revolution he held various jobs, from nurse to deputy.
She represents many revolutionary who contributed to the advancement of equality in Mexico. He worked in the organization of peasant women’s groups, was one of the organizers of the First Congress of Workers and Peasants of Chiapas (1919) and then, in 1926, he was director of the feminist magazine ‘La Gleba’.
Source: Biography of prominent women. EMujeres. Government of Mexico.
Rosario Castellanos (Mexico City, 1925 – Tel Aviv, 1974) is one of the key figures of Mexican culture. The writer portrayed reality and injustice of the indigenous community and all his work addresses cross the problems of Mexican women.
The author of “Balun Canan ‘,’ The eternal feminine ‘or’ The guests August ‘became a first fundamental stage of his life in Chiapas and returned as an adult to live together and learn more about native thought, after his university studies in City mexico and Madrid.
Later, Rosario Castellanos served as cultural promoter, collaborator and literary criticism in media and magazines in Mexico and the US, was invited professor at the universities of Wisconsin and Bloomington, and ambassador of Mexico in Israel from 1971 until his death .
One of his main contributions to feminism is in his doctoral thesis “On the women’s culture ‘(UNAM, 1950) which criticizes the traditional philosophy and the way in which the culture marginalizes women and is governed by male canons
They handily cross to lead to a bright, serene, soaring world. Incomparably better than I live (…) The world is closed for me has a name, it is called culture. Its inhabitants are all male “;. (…)” My female mind feels completely off center when I try to run it according to certain rules invented, practiced by men and male minds engaged. ”
(Source: Dictionary of Mexican writers, Volume I, UNAM, Mexico, 1988).
Elvia Carrillo Puerto (Yucatán, Mexico City-1878, 1968) was one of the women who fought for women’s suffrage, from the years before the Mexican Revolution. Nicknamed ‘the Red Nun Mayab’, followed in the footsteps of Rita Cetina, founder of ‘The siempreviva’ first feminist organization Yucatan, whose magazine included articles on Mary Wollstonecraft or Flora Tristan.
Carrillo Puerto Motul created in the first organization of rural women, in 1912, and organized the First Feminist Meeting of Yucatan, in 1915, a key congress in the history of Mexican feminism.
It was a political activist left and the first woman elected to Congress of Deputies in Mexico in 1923.
Hermila Galindo (1896-1954) was the first woman federal congressman in Mexico in 1952 and watched as, one year later, Article 34 of the Mexican Constitution was amended to allow as claimed vote for women.
It was the culmination of a life of active struggle for women’s equality that included a public request to Congress a plan sex education for women, a taboo at the time.
Galindo founded the weekly ‘modern woman’, which was published in Mexico City between 1915 and 1918. The publication included usual topics of a women’s magazine in addition to literary and political articles from which promoting secularism, women’s citizenship and freedom sexual woman.
To deserve the title fair, to reign as sovereign equity (…) the revolution must remove all lepras, sweeping all obstacles, reforming the codes, open your arms to women, procure well-paid work for the improve nutrition, repress vices, encourage immigration, multiply the schools, (…).
“This noble mission and high corresponds to the Mexican woman. She alone has the power enough to break the veil of Isis and throw the purifying fire of truth, how false, conventional and hypocritical exist in our heroic race.”
(Excerpts from the speech Hermila Galindo in the Second Feminist Congress of Yucatan, 1916).
Esperanza Brito Marti is one of Mexico’s great contemporary feminists. Director of the magazine ‘Fem’ during the 18 years in which it was distributed, is remembered especially for his strong defense of the right of women to decide about their bodies, leading in the 70s the first demonstrations for the deaths of women in abortions illegal and demanding to the chamber of Deputies in 1982 a Law Motherhood free and voluntary.
“Today, women are in struggle and their voices are heard. More voices of women to both male voices, especially of the church hierarchy and the pro-fetus but not women can not hear are needed. women can die, who cares about the life of a woman? to the other women, feminist women “. (Paragraph end of the last article by Esperanza Brito in the journal ‘Fem’, on April 3, 2007).
Source: Blog Esperanza Brito, In Memoriam
Anthropologist Marta Lamas (Mexico DF, 1947) is one of the most active feminist today. Founder in 2000 of the Leadership Institute Simone de Beauvoir for training women in gender, works in different media as ‘process’ or ‘El Pais’.
Lamas is an activist and advocate for the decriminalization of abortion in Mexico, and has written several books, including ‘Feminist Perspectives on the Mexican century’ XX (2008, Bottom of Economic Culture of Spain).