On May 28, 2012, to mark the centenary of Australian scientific Ruby Payne-Scott, Google paid tribute to this physical, pioneering the field of radio astronomy, whose work was instrumental in the Second World War, as with colleagues he created a network of secret radar on the Australian coast to control the movements of the Japanese.
Payne-Scott was, along with Joan Freeman, the first woman to join in 1941 to radiophysics laboratory of Council of Scientific and Industrial Research at the University of Sydney (CSIR).
He married in secret, since the laws of the time prevented a married woman exercising a public service and had to resign his post to become a mother, the absence of maternity leave. Therefore, he became a strong advocate of labor rights of women.
prodigious pianist, composer Clara Schumann German appears playing the piano and surrounded by her eight children in the beautiful ‘doodle’ that the September 13, 2012 recalled the 193 anniversary of his birth.
Clara Wieck was a pioneer in the nineteenth century artist who composed 66 pieces of classical music, something unusual two centuries ago. His father was his mentor and with only nine years debuted in the auditorium Gewandhaus, Leipzig, the German city where he was born on September 13, 1819.
He married fellow composer Robert Schumann, figure of Romanticism, and both had a life of complicated partner, depressions him, the age difference between them and the illnesses of their children, but were supplemented artistically and after death Robert, Clara played throughout Europe the work of his partner helping to make it immortal.
Google geolocates their ‘doodle’ so it is interesting rummaging through their own web tributes performed in each country in order to discover great women and feminist emblematic, like Alicia Moreau de Justo, a pioneer in the defense of women’s rights in Argentina .
Moreau de Justo was born in London, UK, October 11, 1885 but five years moved to live in Argentina.
If someday mothers should tell the world: “No we raise children to send them to the slaughter”, there would have been a true and profound revolution.
He frequented the bohemian Bloomsbury Circle meetings and was a close friend of Virginia Woolf, but the writer Katherine Mansfield is less known than his illustrious colleague. Born in Wellington, New Zealand on October 14, 1888 and is one of the most important modernist writers.
He came from a bourgeois family and rebelled against marriage or any imposition of their environment, which came to commit her first in a strict school of London and later to a convent in Bavaria, experience reflected in his work ‘In a German pension ‘.
He died very young, at age 34, on January 9, 1923 after contracting tuberculosis during a relationship with fellow writer Lawrence D.H, being held in a hostel Fontainebleau, near Paris, France. Excellent relatista, his most famous works are ‘Prelude’, ‘Please’, ‘The Journey’ and ‘The garden party’, published shortly before his death.
The ‘doodle’ in tribute to Katherine Beauchamp, his real name, recalled the contribution of New Zealand children’s literature to mark the 125th anniversary of his birth.
Miriam Makeba is one of the great voices of African music and a symbol of the fight against apartheid in his country. He was born in Johannesburg, South Africa on March 4, 1932, and has published more than 15 albums. Nicknamed ‘Mama Africa’, in 1963 the government of his country banned his music and expelled from their land. For 30 years, he lived in several European countries, in Guinea and the United States, until, in 1990, returned to South Africa by Nelson Mandela encouraged, released on February 11 of that year.
Makeba was the first black woman to win a Grammy Award in 1965 and one of his greatest hits is Pata Pata, a song inspired by a dance of the slums of Johannesburg. Precisely he died in Italy on November 9, 2008, while performing this in a concert against the Camorra, the Italian mafia.
The interpreter was instrumental in the style of Nina Simone and other genias blues and jazz deepened its roots and African music.
On February 1, 2014, Google reminded Harriet Tubman, one of the great figures of abolitionism, famous conductor of the Underground Railroad in the 1850s was born into slavery in 1820 in Maryland, United States, and after enduring all kinds of jobs , abuse and humiliation, fled in 1849 leaving her family and her husband to escape.
Although they had a price on his head, he returned south for at least 19 trips, free his family and hundreds of male and female slaves, leading the railroad overnight.
During the Civil War he worked as a nurse, scout and spy. In his later years, he joined Susan B. Anthony and other women who fought for women’s suffrage. He died of pneumonia on March 10, 1913.
Also in February 2014, Google paid tribute to Sarojini Naidu on the occasion of the 135th anniversary of his birth. Politics, poet and human rights defender in 1925 was the first woman elected president of the National Congress of India.
In 1916 Mahatma Gandhi meets and becomes one of the staunchest followers of his speech and action to achieve the independence of India from England.
Upon release, he became the first governor of Uttar Pradesh, the most populous state in the country. He died on March 2, 1949.
Grace Hopper, inventor of the “compilers”, is one of the most famous mathematics of history and star of one of the ‘doodles’ animated most beautiful, the December 9, 2013, on the occasion of its 107th anniversary.
Hopper, one of the first women to engage in computer programming, participated in Harvard in building the Mark I, the first electromechanical computer made by IBM.
Thinker, novelist, and author of one of the most emblematic works of feminism, ‘The Second Sex’, Simone de Beauvoir was the protagonist of one of the first ‘doodle’ 2014, on 9 January. Reporting and writing of the writer achieved much movement on the Internet and Twitter got to be ‘trending topic’ in some cities like Barcelona.
Other feminists as Clara Campoamor or Alicia Moreau de Justo also achieved greater popularity with artwork Google search engine.
Russian and Roma, Sofia Kovalevskaya is one of the most illustrious mathematics of history. She was the first woman to win a place in Europe as a university professor at the University of Stockholm and, as part of his legacy are his findings on the rotation of the rings of the planet Saturn.
Girl studying self-taught, with the opposition of his family and accepted a marriage of convenience to aspire to higher education in Germany.
He died at age 41 by a flu in Stockholm, Sweden.