Sylvia Plath is one of the most important poets of his generation, representative, along with her friend Anne Sexton, the so-called confessional lyrics. This autobiographical genre allows, through his work, know their problems as a woman, her dramatic mood swings, extreme sensitivity, his successes, his obsession with love, your feelings as a mother and her fight against depression.
But not only the tormented side, it shares with other genias of literature as Virginia Woolf, Alfonsina Storni or Pizarnik, is key to his biography. With full creative honesty, Plath he plied his trade as a writer methodically and without offering limits to creativity: poems, drawings, personal letters, essays or novels, they did enjoy success in life, but also exerted great pressure on her for his perfectionism. “It’s so frustrating to feel that if I had time to study and work with love in my books, could do something worthy of interest and yet, I find my back to the wall, without even time to read a book. So any which gets currently writing, will be just to fill the pot. ”
Plath is an icon of Anglo-Saxon feminism for its exaltation of femininity, their struggle against gender archetypes, its crude treatment of issues such as psychiatric hospitalization or abortion and accurate analysis of patriarchy. In his most famous poem, Daddy (Daddy) can be read (translated into Castilian)
You gone, you no longer / I serve, black shoe / in which I lived thirty years / like a foot, miserable and blancuzna./ Almost without daring or whimper, or mistar.
Papi had to kill you, but / You died before I had time. / Bag full of God, heavy as marble statue sinister, ghostly, with a finger as big as a seal of Frisco “gray / foot.
(Read the poem in English and Spanish on this website publishing Santillana).
Plath was born in Boston, USA, on 27 October 1932. He committed suicide in London in 1963, at thirty, just a month later published his only novel, successful ‘The Bell Jar’ ( ‘The Bell Jar ‘), written under the pseudonym Victoria Lucas. It is one of his most emblematic works, although she considered it a minor work “. Forget my novel ‘The Bell Jar’ and did not tell anyone about it I’ve written only to earn money as an exercise,” he wrote to his mother on October 25, 1962, shortly before its release.
If you felt proud of his work as a poet and published in his lifetime ‘The Colossus’, a collection of poems marked by the presence of the father figure who died in 1940. In the constant search for meaning to this loss, Plath, according to different scholars , projects the paternal role in her lovers and her future husband, the writer Ted Hughes, who leaves her for another woman, a decisive blow to his suicide. After his death, ‘Ariel’ was published in 1965; Crossing the Water ‘and’ Winter Trees’, 1971, as part of his complete works, ‘Collected Poems’, published in 1981 and Pulitzer Prize that year.
In ‘Ariel’ the play ‘Three Women’, in which three mothers are the protagonists and to Joyce Carol Oates is “the most powerful poem of his work” is included. In one of his poems says
“It’s so nice not to have strings attached.” (Poema ‘Three Women’)
The posthumous edition of his work has not been controversy-free since it was blamed Hugues to exploit economically the myth of his former partner to handle post, something that was disproved in the own biography of the poet, after his death in 1998. In its moments, Plath confident this talent, which continues to arouse passions and literary did not get to enjoy life