Shulamith Firestone was 25 when he wrote ‘The Dialectic of Sex. Defense feminist Revolution ‘(1970), fundamental work of radical feminism and precursor of cyberfeminism. In this paper defends his theory of sexual classes and notes that motherhood ( “the tyranny of their reproductive biology”) is the source of the oppression of women, and placing it in physical, social and psychological disadvantage relative to men .
This is a fundamental work of the second wave to understand the Liberation Movement of Women, and the critical movements left from the left. It was not published in Spain until 1976 (Editorial Kairos), after the death of Franco.
Firestone was born on January 7, 1945 in Ottawa (Canada), studied Fine Arts in Chicago and moved to New York in 1967, where he founded the Redstockings group and associations New York Radical Women and New York Radical Feminists, who organized the protest against the Miss America 1969 in Atlantic City, among others.
For her, radical feminism “women’s issues considered not only as the first priority of women, but the core of any wider (…) revolutionary analysis considers the leftist analysis is dated and superficial, as it does not set no link between the structure of the system of economic classes and their origins based in the sex class system -model of all other operating systems and parasite must therefore be eliminated by every sincere revolution “( ‘the dialectic of sex ‘).
In ‘The Dialectic of Sex’ Firestone defends research and advances in assisted reproductive techniques, such as artificial wombs, gender selection and fertilization in vitro, as well as information on contraception, abortion and support of the State to raise a child. Ie any scientific and social development that would allow women to take freely and untied her sexuality and motherhood. It also proposes to eliminate childhood and children, besides women take an active role in favor of a society in which the distribution of material goods would be carried out as proposed by Marxism.
Firestone therefore elaborates in his book an entire project of postmodern society after a revolution to end patriarchal family institutions as well as sexual roles. For her, the sexual imbalance is a major cause of social division, above the class struggle which Marx spoke.
This work, together with ‘sexual politics’ Kate Millet, marked a whole generation of American feminists. Both agree in their criticism of the left, his analysis of family and romantic love and the need for a revolution led by women. No obtante ‘The Dialectic of Sex’, whose main influences are Simone de Beauvoir and Engels is an essay much more utopian and drastically when considering the feminist revolution, and many of its proposals have been criticized and overcome.
The ultimate goal of the feminist revolution should not be limited to the elimination of male privilege, but must reach the same distinction of sex, genital differences between human beings should become culturally neutral … “.
After publishing this book, Shulamit Firestone was isolated from public life and in 1998 broke his ostracism to write a biography narrating his struggle with schizophrenia. He died in August 2012 at his apartment in New York at age 67.