Sexual violence: when the woman is in the target

Want to participate in public life as citizens it remains in the XXI century rebellion unacceptable for many companies worldwide punishable by sexual violence. India, R. D. Congo and Egypt are countries that have recently jumped alerts at the continuing violations of integrity and basic rights of women.

In India, sexual violence against women and children is attributed to a matter of “honor” and occurs in many cases within their own families. In the second most populous country in the world, femicide, forced marriages or discrimination based on caste or religious beliefs are crimes that are part of the supposed normality of the country without their leaders take drastic measures. Four women are raped, a woman is killed by the ‘dowry’ and eight women or girls are sexually assaulted every hour, according to UN data.

And in bloody armed conflicts, such as that experienced in R. D. Congo, women are part of the spoils of war, as reported Hernan Zin in the documentary ‘The war against women’ or journalist Caddy Adzuba.

In the case of Egypt, violence is so widespread that in a 2013 survey conducted by UN Women 99% of respondents said they had been sexually harassed in their own homes or in public spaces, including the police forces. Although some symbolic measures have been taken, the reality is that there is total impunity by the state, also currently under the command of Al Sisi. As the writer and feminist Nawal Saadawi psychiatrist spent several years denouncing the lack of freedom of the Egyptian.

A concrete example is what happened in June 2014 when in just ten days, more than 200 women were victims of sexual violence in Tahrir Square, Cairo, according to Amnesty International (AI). During clashes between supporters and opponents of President Mohamed Morsi to then, women were assaulted, robbed and raped, as organizations denounced AI and Human Rights Watch (HRW). The assailants were groups of men surrounding them, the group away from his friends and attacked in order to remove them from the streets and prevent them manifiestasen. “These are serious crimes that hinder the full participation of women in public life in Egypt at a critical moment the country’s development,” then said Joe Stork, deputy Middle East director at Human Rights Watch.

This “epidemic of sexual violence” dated back to February 2011, start of the first manifestations. Since then, the army forced the demonstrators to undergo virginity tests or arrested for “camp with men,” according to AI.

In fact, women played a key role in the overthrow of Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak and crises later but successive governments have continued without taking steps to ensure the right of the Egyptian to participate fully in the political dialogue without fear or threat of violence.