Lead the annual list prepared by the magazine ‘Forbes’ most powerful women of the world, together with other policies such as Sonia Gandhi, Christine Lagarde or Hillary Clinton. German Chancellor Angela Merkel and Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff are two women who have crossed the ‘glass ceiling’ and direct their respective countries with very different styles and ideologies.
Merkel imposed its leadership in the German Conservative Party (CDU) despite being a woman, Lutheran (the CDU was controlled by the ‘lobby’ Catholic) and the former German Democratic Republic (GDR a socialist state before German reunification) . Rousseff, meanwhile, he noted for its political charisma, thanks to its strategies in the medium and long-term economic and social growth. However, it is facing a severe crisis of credibility following demonstrations in June 2013, insecurity and inequality and extreme poverty that continue anchoring the country.
Both grew up in a political dictatorship that ruled his vocation, but their styles when rule are as different as the two countries who are heads of government. Merkel is more strategic and ambitious, while Rousseff is a skilled manager with a quieter profile. Brazilian President delegated much of the public interventions to his ministerial team. German Chancellor shown instead as the absolute leader of his party, his country and the entire European Union.
German Chancellor Angela Merkel (Hamburg, 1954) is the most influential policy decisions taken in the European Union, and the main driving measures social cuts and austerity in the current economic crisis. It is the second woman in history who chaired the G8 and the European Council, after the former British president Margaret Thatcher. Currently there are 10 women who govern in a European state. Like Thatcher, Merkel had a very religious upbringing (his father was a Lutheran pastor) and a scientific background. He received his PhD in Quantum Physics at the University of Leipzig in 1986.
Merkel chairs the Conservative Party, the Christian Democratic Union of Germany (CDU) since 2000. He entered politics after the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989 and his career was meteoric. In 1991, it was Minister for Women and Youth in the government of Chancellor Helmut Kohl. From 1994 to 1998 he held the portfolio of Environment and Natural Conservation.
After the defeat of Kohl in 1998, it assumes the general secretariat of the CDU and initiates the renewal of the German Conservative Party. Two years later he is elected president of the party. After several years as opposition leader in 2005 becomes the first woman to hold the German chancellery. After a first government in coalition with the Social Democrats (SPD) in 2009 to win the elections again, this time with sufficient majority to govern without alliances.
Dilma Rousseff (Belo Horizonte, 1947) is the first woman president of the Republic of Brazil, a position he has held since 2010, being elected with almost 56 million votes. Its mandate is notable for its promise of commitment to the most disadvantaged sectors of the country and its economic management, highly questionable five years later of coming to power. It has announced a plan to improve the infrastructure of Brazil (a pending issue in the seventh world power) and increased by 10% budget on education and culture, as well as investments in technology and R & D + i.
Rousseff began his political career with 16 years as part of workers’ organizations to end military rule after the coup of 1964. For his activism, he was arrested and tortured and spent three years in prison, from 1970 to 1972, convicted of “subversion”. Once free, he studied Economics at the Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul and, since 1980, is one of the founders of Trabalhista Democratic Party (PDT).
With the return of democracy in Brazil, occupying different technical and policy related to the economy and development as the general direction of the Municipal Chamber of Porto Alegre office, the president of the Foundation of Economics and Statistics of Rio Grande do Sul or State Secretary of Mining, Energy and Communication. His great political momentum occurs in 2002, and affiliated with the Workers Party (PT) of Lula da Silva, when he is appointed Minister of Mining and Energy. After successfully taking the direction of strategic programs such as the Accelerated Growth Program (PAC) and the housing program Minha Casa, Minha Vida in 2010, it is presented to the elections as a candidate of the PT and becomes the first woman president from Brazil. Currently, there are five women who rule throughout Latin America and the Caribbean.
Source: Biography of the President on the website of the Government of Brazil and Forbes Magazine