Mary Wollstonecraft is one of the most influential personalities of philosophy and politics through ‘A Vindication of the Rights of Woman’, his ethics proposal published in 1792. wrote this key to feminism or late eighteenth work, a century marked by the debate about equality of citizenship, the ideas of the Enlightenment, the end of the authoritarian monarchy with the Revolution in France and the birth of modern democracy.
A century that changed the history of them, but ignored the rights of them: the citizens. Wollstonecraft, as Olympe de Gouges, not only knew see if he denounced under rationalistic arguments and argued introducing the female perspective in the discussion of individual freedom. In his personal life he craved their economic independence, he opposed the marriage and defended education as a basic pillar for the strength and emancipation of women. He was also very critical of antislavery and the existence of social classes.
Mary Wollstonecraft was born on April 27, 1759 in Spitalfields near London (England) and is the mother of the writer Mary Shelley, author of ‘Frankenstein’. Had a difficult childhood marked by economic ruin of his family, an aggressive and irresponsible father and privileges that his grandfather and his mother granted her older brother for being the man of the family.
At 19 he left home to work as a companion to a lady in Bath. His aspiration was to become independent and live with her friend Fanny Blood but in 1780 her mother became very ill and had to return to care for her, as traditionally belonged to the oldest of the sisters. After his death, he set up a school in Newington Green with her sister Eliza Fanny. His teaching experience inspired his first written: ‘Thoughts on the Education of Daughters’, 1787. At this stage, Wollstonecraft their family experiences matured and began to analyze the causes of inequality of the time.
After the death of Fanny in 1785, Mary went to work as a governess for the Kingsborough family in Ireland, but was fired and returned to London, where he worked as a translator (dominant in English, German and French) and advisor to Joseph Johnson , editor of political writings. When Johnson launched the publication ‘Analytical Review’ in 1788, Wollstonecraft became a regular contributor. In the following years, wrote two key works that arose in response to two famous books at that time, and under his view, ill-posed: ‘Vindication of the Rights of Man’ (which published anonymously in 1790) was his critique ‘Reflections on the Revolution in France’ of Edmund Burke, and ‘a Vindication of the rights of woman’ response to ‘Emilio’, the treatise on education Rousseau for whom education of girls should be to be helpful and serve support rational men.
The ideas proposed by Wollstonecraft talk about equal education, guaranteed by the government itself and laws, as well as other rights of women and the spiritual and intellectual freedom. In another of his works, ‘Mary or the injustices suffered by women’, defends the sexual desire of women as something natural that no sense degrade as “immoral”, he attacks the institution of marriage and defends divorce and greater protection women face some husbands.
The thinker lived throughout his life in England, Wales, Ireland, France or Scandinavia for business or personal reasons. In France he witnessed the first years of the Revolution and in 1792 met the merchant Gilbert Imlay, with whom she had her first daughter, Fanny. Both traveled through northern Europe, while raising the child, she wrote ‘A historical and moral perspective of the origin and progress of the French Revolution’ and ‘Letters written during a short stay in Sweden, Norway and Denmark’, an autobiographical account which it became his most popular book at the time.
When Imlay abandoned after a difficult stage and even a suicide attempt, already recovered began a new relationship with William Godwin, political precursor of anarchist thought he admired his work. Although they shared the belief of “the tyranny of marriage ‘they married when Mary became pregnant with her second daughter, Mary Shelley, who was born in 1797. Due to complications in this birth, Mary Wollstonecraft died at age 38, leaving a key for the birth of feminism legacy.
(Source: Mary Wollstonecraft (2015) Biography.com…)