Thatcher, dubbed as the ‘Iron Lady’ was a firm opposition to the regime of the Soviet Union (the former USSR) and adopted decision conflict with Argentina to defend British rule over the Falkland Islands, in addition to supporting the former US president Ronald Reagan in their strategies during the Cold War and the bombing of Libya.
In 1998, Time magazine included it in the list of “20 most influential leaders of the twentieth century.” Margaret Thatcher survived an assassination attempt in 1984 to the IRA before a summit of the Conservative Party in Brighton. In 1993, he retired from politics and ten years later from public life.
Margaret Hilda Roberts (changed her name when she married in 1951) was born on 13 October 1925 in Grantham (England). His father Alfred owned two grocery stores and was involved in local politics (became mayor of Grantham). His mother Beatrice was devoted to family care. Belonged to the Methodist church, under whose strict principles were educated Margaret and her older sister, Muriel.
It was a brilliant and tenacious student since childhood and agreed from the local public school to the girls’ school of Grantham and Kesteven, first, and the University of Oxford, later, thanks to two scholarships. He studied chemistry and specialized in X-ray crystallography Although he practiced this profession, his interest in politics was already imposing from the faculty and graduated in law before beginning his meteoric career in the English Conservative Party.
Margaret married in 1951 with the politician and businessman Denis Thatcher. In 1953, she was the mother of two twin children, Carol and Mark.
In 1950, Margaret Thatcher was the youngest woman who aspired to a seat in the House of Commons (the lower house of the British Parliament), but not make it until nine years later. He soon began to hold positions of responsibility within the party ‘Torie’, in an alternative cabinet to the then Conservative leader Edward Heath.
It was precisely the Heath government when he got his first executive position as Minister of Education. Four years later, with the Labour Party back in power, Thatcher began his battle to lead the Conservative Party and faced Heath, who managed to prevail against all odds. This victory was prior to his election by majority step as prime minister of Britain in 1979. He was re-elected twice, but in 1990, due to the loss of popularity in the polls, was relegated by his own party as head of government and as conservative leader.
Turned into baroness, the former British president in 1992 left the House of Commons and was appointed member of the House of Lords.
In his last years of public life, Margareth Thatcher gave numerous conferences and continued to promote the so-called ‘Thatcherism’ since its founding, several universities and political forums. Thus, in 1998, he called for the release of former Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet (who supported Britain in the Falklands War) when Spain ordered his arrest and trial for violation of human rights.
Has already become a political myth of European and Anglo-Saxon right, Thatcher, very affected by the death of her husband in 2003, and a year later by his friend Ronald Reagan ceases to participate in public life. In recent years, his health had deteriorated progressively. Margaret Thatcher, according to a statement from his foundation: “He died peacefully in London on April 8, 2013”.
conservative political leaders today as Angela Merkel or Erna Solberg, German Chancellor and Prime Minister of Norway, respectively, have been strongly influenced by the legacy of the ‘Iron Lady’.
Sources: “Margaret Thatcher” Clara Beckett. Editorial Haus Publising and Margaret Thatcher Foundation