Louise Bourgeois, the mother spider

The artist Louise Bourgeois died 5 years ago in his New York studio apartment in the Chelsea neighborhood. He was 98 years old and was one of the most important creators of the turn of the century nineteenth to the twentieth. His work is original and unclassifiable, it recorded his fears, his anxiety, his childhood traumas and obsessions.

Currently, the Picasso Museum dedicates the exhibition “Louise Bourgeois. I’ve been to hell and I’m back ‘, which can be visited in the Andalusian city until next September 27. The title of the retrospective pays tribute to one of his most famous phrases: “I’ve been to hell and back And let me tell you, it was wonderful.”. And it is an exceptional opportunity to meet their múltipleas facets (sculptor, painter, draftsman, …) through 101 works created between the 40s and 2009.

Among them she is one of his famous bronze chandeliers, who performed a tribute to his mother, a weaver of receiving affection but in a childhood marked by constant infidelities of her father and the complicity of her mother to them.

On the occasion of the opening of the exhibition on 11 and 12 June took place in Malaga a seminar to reflect on the work of the French-American and analyze the role of women in the art industry in Spain and speech about feminism. In this link, you can access the audio conference.

Conducted over seven decades, a third of the works in the exhibition, curated by Iris Müller-Westermann and organized with the Moderna Museet, had never discussed above.

The Picasso Museum in Malaga is one of the cultural centers that has a strong commitment to vindicate great masterpieces and, rather than Bourgeois, he devoted an exhibition to Sophie Taeuber-Arp, great architect and Dadaist photographer who was also a pioneer of feminism, but whose work was relegated by the patriarchal history under the umbrella of her husband, Jean Arp. Also this center dedicated to the avant-garde recovered the legacy of Hilma af Klint, Swedish artist who made abstraction before Malevich and Kandinsky.

Bourgeois did see his talent recognized in life, but had to wait for it to 1982, when the MOMA in New York dedicated a retrospective that marked his consecration. That’s when critics and audiences alike surrendered to the visual strength of their performances. He was 71. It is, along with Frida Kahlo and Georgia O’Keeffe, one of the artists who have been applauded in life, though not without difficulties.

Born in Paris in 1911, Louise Bourgeois moved in 1938 to the United States where he lived the rest of his life. He addressed all genres and contruyó a haunting and poetic work in different materials building their world around female sexuality, psychoanalysis and emotional conflicts.

In the 40s, he began working with carved wooden figures and by the end of that made a series of drawings that highlight her feminism decade: ‘Bourgeois’s Femme Maison (House of Women Bourgeois)’ in portraying different naked women whose heads are replaced by houses. For many critics and art critics, they are the representation of the loss of identity of women in the home, the situation of smothering confinement or unhappiness.

(Sources: Picasso Museum, MOMA)