Gro Harlem Brundtland and the “government of women” in Norway

Gro Harlem Brundtland (Oslo, 1939) is one of the most important figures of female political leadership. It was the first chosen prime minister in the history of Norwegian woman, the first independent European country to give women the vote in 1913, and is currently leader of influence through The Elders, an association of former presidents and mandatory fighting for human rights.

She was elected head of government in 1981, 59 years later that Karin Platou was the first Norwegian to appear as a candidate for Parliament in the Nordic country. During his second term, in 1986, Gro Harlem formed a joint government (60/40) of 8 women and 10 men was dubbed as “government of women” and that marked a before and after in world politics by the high participation women in senior positions.

Gro Harlem is involved in defending the universal right to health, sustainable development and gender policies.

After a ten-year career as a pediatrician and physical in the public system Norwegian health, he assumed the post by the Labour Party for the first time in 1981, at age 41, becoming the first woman and the youngest person to be appointed person. He was again head of government between 1986 and 1989, and 1990-1996.

I had to make difficult decisions, such as applying budgetary austerity in the eighties due to the consequences of the oil crisis and see how failed its draft accession of Norway to the European Union. But it is the artícife Norwegian welfare state and its policies on health, education, women’s equality and reconciliation and belief in pacifism. Norwegians nicknamed as the “mother of the nation”.

Between 1998 and 2003, Gro Harlem assumed the general direction of the World Health Organization (WHO), becoming the first woman to lead this international organization, from which “has driven measures against smoking and has defended the new sources of power to the dependence on fossil fuels, “according to Europa Press.

Nordic has received numerous awards throughout his political career, the latest being the International Prize of Catalonia 2013. This recognition, shared with the Pakistani teenager Malala Yousafzai recognized his work for human rights and peace consistency when he witnessed the brutal attack on the island of Utoya that killed 77 young social democrats of his country.

Degree in Physics with a Masters degree in Public Health from Harvard University, his current defense put care for the environment as a key issue on the political agenda dates back to the period between 1974 and 1979 when he was Minister of Health and subsequent charges commissions UN against nuclear proliferation, disarmament or for leading the initiative against climate change.

“Environmental degradation continues, and the effects of climate change have begun to threaten populations and the most vulnerable ecosystems in the world. It is amazing to me that at a time of dazzling technological progress, 1.2 million people still living in poverty extreme “. (Excerpt from an article ‘The Elders’)

(Source: Biography of Gro Harlem Brundtland on the website The Elders)