Alicia Moreau de Justo, feminist and leader of the Argentine socialism

It is difficult to summarize the many contributions to the history of Alicia Moreau de Justo, whose life devoted himself to feminism and socialism.

Daughter of Armand Moreau, expelled from France to participate in the Paris Commune in 1871, was born in London on October 11, 1885 during the exile of his parents to Britain. His family was one of many who emigrated from Europe in the mid-nineteenth and saturated in Argentina in 1890 in search of a future.

Alicia began in politics with his father, anarchist and socialist, with whom he founded the Popular Ateneo in Buenos Aires, and joined in 1920 in the Socialist Party in which militate all his life, following the ideological heritage of Armand, related to this party since its founding in 1896.

In 1902, Moreau de Justo contact fenia chertkoff, one of the most prominent Argentine feminists this stage, as part of its actions advocated women’s suffrage. Thus the vote for women would become central to their claims to its enactment on September 23, 1947.

After actively participating in Buenosairean social and political fabric (cover entities like Feminist Socialist Center, Union Gremial Women and the Feminist Movement), Alicia Moreau began to give talks at workers’ centers on hygiene, prevention and sexual health and, in 1907, it was one of the first women enrolled at the University to study medicine and become, after Cecilia Grierson, one of the first medical the country and a pioneer in its field, the health of women throughout Latin America.

He graduated in Medicine in 1914 with a thesis on ‘The endocrine function of the ovary’ and, after completing his residency at the Hospital de Clinicas, installed a gynecological clinic to serve low-income women or prostitutes and promoted initiatives such as the Brooms progress, a peaceful demonstration of housewives who defended their labor and social rights.

Another of his great concerns was education, arguing that it was secular, scientifically based and in order to train citizens free-thinking, a philosophy inspired by the system recently created by the Italian Maria Montessori, she becomes fashionable in Argentina’s capital.

Between 1906 and 1914, Alicia Moreau also became editor of the ( ‘New Humanity’) International Socialist Review in which divulged the thought of Rosa Luxemburg, Clara Zetkin or Muzzili Carolina. This newspaper ceased publishing in 1919 and gives way to the monthly magazine ‘Our cause’ to make visible women in all fields: citizen participation, culture, … becoming the official organ of the ideas of National Feminist Union, party founded in 1918.

Since 1920, the year he joins the Socialist Party, Alicia Moreau de Justo will go through difficult moments in politics constant divisions within his party, the coup of 62 or 69. economic crisis Personally, in 1924 she married Juan Bautista Justo, Argentine socialist leader, with whom she has three children, but he died four years later.

After the overthrow of Peron in 1955, she was the only woman (pictured) which is part of the Advisory Board to establish the legal basis for a new regime in the country. A year later, in the XLI Congress of the Socialist Party, after a decade in hiding and strong internal wars, Alicia Moreau de Justo assumed the party leadership, which will eventually splitting into two, becoming its sector in the Argentine Socialist Party.

Always at the forefront of feminist initiatives, during the dictatorship of terror Videla, he supported the Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo and continued to defend democracy and women’s rights until his death in Buenos Aires on May 12, 1986, to 101 years old.