Eight women are heads of State or Government elected in Europe, mostly in northern countries or belonging to the former Soviet Union. The latest to join the list are Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović, elected on January 11, 2015 President of Croatia and the president of the Federal Council of Switzerland, Simonetta Sammaruga.
Regarding the heads of state, we can not forget two queens, unelected, governing in Europe: Isabel II in England and Denmark Margrethe II, the first with enormous power.
(See here the list of all the heads of state and government of the world).
Kolinda Grabar Kitarovic, president of Croatia since January 11, 2015, is a high diplomat who has held various positions of responsibility in his country as ambassador to the US and Foreign Minister. Before the election campaign, he was assistant secretary of NATO for Public Diplomacy issues.
His victory, by a small difference in votes, forces him to govern in coalition with the Social Democrats.
Born in Hamburg (Germany) on July 17, 1954.
It is one of the most powerful in the world and head of government of the first European power, Germany women. Angela Merkel was appointed chancellor for a third consecutive term in 2014. Merkel beat the glass ceiling in his own party the CDU to be the first woman, a citizen of East Germany and Lutheran religion that presided;. More »
The first president of the history of Lithuania, Dalia Grybauskaite, was born in Vilnius, capital of the Baltic country, the March 1, 1956.
It is a prestigious economist, whose political management has been marked by the swingeing cuts after the fall of Lehman Brothers, including lowering the minimum wage to 850 litas ($ 300), tax rises and falls 30% in pensions and the salaries of public officials. The Baltic country suffers great social inequality.
Dalia Grybauskaite is black belt in karate, speaks four languages (English, French, Polish and Lithuanian) and one of its political figures is Margaret Thatcher, the first woman elected as prime minister in Europe. More »
The Norwegian government is parity (nine ministers and nine ministers) and is headed by a woman, Erna Solberg, the Conservative Party.
It is the second woman, after Gro Harlem Brundtland Labour, which holds the leadership of government in the Nordic country, one of the most advanced in terms of equality, which is considered one of the pillars of civic education.
Solberg was born on February 24, 1961 in Bergen, Norway, and is part of his party since 1979, chaired since 2004. He won the parliamentary elections in September 2013 and its draft government known for its harsh measures against immigration .; more »
Although Switzerland was the last country in Europe (except Luxembourg) to recognize the right to vote for women (in February 1971) it is currently one of the states with greater equity in their government.
Of the eight members of the Federal Chancellery, four are women. They are Simonetta Sommaruga (current President in 2015), Eveline Widmer-Schlumpf, Doris Leuthard and Corina Casanova.
The fourth president of the young Republic of Kosovo Atifete Jahjaga is, 40 years. She held the position since April 2011.
Although Kosovo has not yet been recognized as a state by the United Nations, 108 of the 193 members feel a sovereign country.
Belonging to the Malta Labour Party, Marie Louise Coleiro Preca was born in Qormi (Malta) and studied Science of Law and Human Sciences at the University of Malta. He was elected president in March 2014 after being Minister of Family and Social Solidarity. It is the second woman who is ranked after Agatha Barbara.
Prime Minister of Poland from September 22, 2014, Ewa Kopacz belongs to the center-right Civic Platform and is carrying out a policy of containment of the very drastic public debt as part of measures to overcome the economic crisis.