A brief reference to the five fundamental contribution to the achievement of women’s suffrage in the United States, which culminated in the ratification of the 19th Amendment to the US Constitution, August 26, 1920 women.
“The struggle for the vote was an effort to make men would feel less senior and less lower women.”
Carrie Chapman Catt (1859-1947) began his career as an activist for women’s rights in 1890 when it came into contact with the National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA), to be chaired between 1900 and 1904, happening in the position to Susan B . Anthony, and later in 1915, when the organization was going through bad times for the abandonment of Alice Paul and other members.
Chapman led the final strategy for women’s suffrage in 1920 is achieved. Part of his plan was that the suffragettes implicasen in 1917 in World War I directly supporting President Wilson and thus acquiring an image of patriots to public opinion. That year, 1917, the State of New York approved the vote for women thanks to its intense campaign, which carried out state by state.
Wilson rested his final pulse for suffrage which culminated in the adoption of the 19th Amendment in 1920. That year, Chapman Catt founded the League of Women Voters and was involved in organization to support the right to vote at international level.
Heroin for many and many Americans, Carrie Chapman Catt controversial racism of many of their arguments;. More »
“We women of America, we say that America is not a democracy. Twenty million women are denied the right to vote”.
Alice Paul (1885-1977) belonged to the Quaker religious movement, which played an important role in the abolition of slavery in the United States. Paul was part of the NAWSA between 1912 and 1913, when she and other members mounted the Congressional Union for Woman Suffrage, which became in 1917 the National Woman’s Party (NWP).
During his time supporting the British suffragette, she adopted some of their pressure tactics and even participated in the famous hunger strikes of their English colleagues. He imported this militancy to the American cause by organizing street protests for which he was taken to prison three times.
The vindictive style of Alice Paul clashed with Carrie Chapman Catt the one. Also its strategy in obtaining the right to vote. The NWP focused on achieving a federal amendment to the Constitution, while also campaigning NAWSA state by state.
Both organizations were complemented and were important in achieving women’s suffrage in 1920.
Later, Alice Paul became involved since 1923 in the amendment for Equal Rights (ERA) which was ratified by the US Congress in the 70s, besides being a pacifist who opposed the entry of their country in World War II;. More »
“Voting is a fundamental right”.
Susan B. Anthony (1820-1906) is undoubtedly one of the most inspiring personalities of American history. He grew up in a Quaker family in Massachusetts and spent over 15 years teaching. By its participatory character and leadership, he was involved in rallies and debates that would not let him participate by being a woman.
Thus, in 1852 he decides to join the movement for the rights of women with Elisabeth Cady Stanton.
Facing all sorts of criticism, Susan B. Anthony traveled around the country to defend women’s suffrage and the abolition of slavery and the right of women to own their property and have economic independence. More »
“The color prejudice is not stronger than gender bias. It is given by the same cause, and manifested largely in the same way. Skin black and woman sex are both prima facie evidence of intent that we are under the subjugation of the Anglo-Saxon man test “.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton (1815-1902) was a friend and ally of Susan B. Anthony from 1851.
By then it was an active abolitionist and, as explained by Jone Johnson Lewis, a specialist in Women’s History (in English), in his own marriage ceremony he demanded that the term “obedience” the text of the ritual is eliminated.
In 1840, at the London Conference Against Slavery, Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott were two of the participants were separated with a curtain of men following a debate on the equality of women. They were not allowed to intervene thereafter, could only listen to men.
That was how both decided to organize the Conference of Seneca Falls in 1848, historic moment in the defense of the rights of women, in which Cady Stanton and Mott wrote the Declaration of Sentiments. It was the beginning of the demands of women’s suffrage and other rights of citizens.
From 1851, Elizabeth Cady Stanton founded with Susan B. Anthony NWSA (National Woman Suffrage Association) and was its first president. Both fought for divorce laws and protection of children who provide her with a greater independence for women and would enable legally break with her husband in cases of abuse;. More »
“Let women find their sphere.”
Lucy Stone (1818-1893) was the first woman Massachusetts State that achieved a university degree, at which he delivered his first speech in favor of the rights of women. It was also the first American who kept his name in the register after marriage.
Contracted by the American Society against slavery, he traveled throughout the United States with his abolitionist and feminist rallies talks.
In 1850, two years after the Seneca Falls Convention (local area), went a step further by organizing the first National Convention of the Rights of Women, in Worcester (Massachusetts). His speech persuaded Susan B. Anthony to get involved in the fight for women’s suffrage and thanks to a written copy sent to Britain, inspired part of ‘The emancipation of women, “Harriet Taylor and John Stuart Mill.
After the American Civil War, Lucy Stone works for equal recognition of rights to black and white women, founded with other colleagues the American Woman Suffrage Association (AWSA) and began publishing the weekly newspaper ‘The Woman’s Journal, focused on defense of women’s suffrage.
Considered leader of the radical wing of the suffrage, in 1890 his group approaches the organization of Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton (NWSA, moderate line) and both streams are reunified to form the NAWSA, the entity that eventually channeled all struggle and negotiation to achieve the 19th Amendment;. More »