The definition of feminism is too complex alone. As transforming movement pursues a change in the way of understanding social and political relations and is based on several starting points, you summarize in five key
Source: Training Guide for social and political participation of women. Authors: Luz Martínez Ten and Rosa Escapa Garrachón.
Feminism was born in the seventeenth century, with the beginning of modern philosophy. Considered the first stage of the Enlightenment, represents a revolution in understanding the ethics and politics and begins to formulate the theory of the rights of the person, with contributions from Thomas Hobbes and John Locke.
But feminism materializes as a collective movement of struggle of women in the second half of the nineteenth century. At that time it stated that relations between men and women are not inscribed in nature and that there is a possibility of political transformation.
The Illustrated thought takes legal form in the American and French revolutions of the late eighteenth century. The conceptualization of universal rights arising from these processes of independence and political change are the theoretical basis of the political demands of feminism, since universal principles of equality contradict the actual inequality of power, rights, goods and opportunities men and women.
Feminism fight for the rights of women to men are equalized, and at the same time, by own recognition and enforcement of women’s rights.
To the authors Luz Martinez and Rosa Escapa, “all feminist approaches have in common the will to defend and promote women”.
Indeed, there is common ground in feminism: to question existing social structures and to question the values and practices of the patriarchal system. But from there, the right thing is to talk about feminist movements, as there is no single model of feminism and other ways to express this option.
Throughout history, people have identified three “waves” of the feminist movement. Below we briefly describe each of them, according to the Anglo-Saxon type
Patriarchy is a structure of social organization in which the man is the one who exercises authority on the economic and productive assets (equity and distribution of goods), but also at home (against women and children and daughters) and in setting standards and moral behavior (in political, legal and religious sphere).
The recognition of a historical patriarchy is common denominator in the feminist movement, and there is unanimity in questioning and wanting to transform this imbalance of power to achieve a more egalitarian, just and democratic society.
One of the key issues of feminism is that it separates the public sphere of the private. In this sense, feminism and social change proposes a rethinking of values for democracy to reach into daily life, schools, families, organizations and personal relationships.
As indicated Luz Martínez Ten and Rosa Escapa Garrachón, feminism works in “move the public domain issues not usually treated considered the private sphere. Issues like valuing domestic work, care for people and expose and visualize relationships power within families, especially cases of abuse and violence against women “.
Feminism proposes a new social contract in which, through measures of conciliation and responsibility, there is a more balanced distribution of family and tasks to balance its presence in bodies of political, economic, business or community decision.
Image: Mother Earth-Nutrition, painting artist Jennifer Mourin Malaysia.