Russian mathematics was the first woman to win a place in Europe as a university professor at the University of Stockholm.
Russian, gypsy, grew up in a village where women were forbidden to go to college and hide at night to read a treatise on algebra. He began receiving private tutoring, but soon showed his genius and the family moved to Saint Petersburg for young could study.
Specialist in mathematical analysis, formulated the theorem of Cauchy-Kovalevskaia, fundamental in the theory of equations in partial derivatives, but also excelled in applied mathematics.
He won the Bordin Prize of the Academy of Sciences of Paris for an investigation into the rotation of a solid about a fixed point and did a job on the rings of Saturn.