The figure of the philosopher Hannah Arendt (1906-1975) is now full thanks to the validity of his theories (about the power, the motivations of human beings and human-system connection) and a film directed by Margarethe Von Trotta rotating around the custom that the magazine ‘the New Yorker’ made the thinker journalistically cover the trial of Nazi Adolf Eichmann in 1961. Eichmann belonged to the government of Hitler in Germany and is considered one of the great performers of the ‘Solucion Final ‘, the Nazi strategy to end the Jews. He was tried in Israel for 15 crimes against humanity and was executed in 1962.
This work would become one of the most important books of Hannah Arendt, ‘Eichmann in Jerusalem. The banality of evil ‘, which chronicles the day-to-day court sessions, questioned the procedures used by the Israeli justice and, above all, a psychological portrait of Eichmann as a piece in the service of a totalitarian murderer board and questioning the methods employed on behalf of the rule of law.
For this position, he was attacked by many compatriots and even today, part of the Jewish community criticizes their starting points and conclusions.
Hannah Arendt, a German of Jewish origin, received his doctorate in philosophy at the University of Heidelberg.
Although classically trained philosopher, follower of the school of Martin Heidegger, in 1941 he emigrated to the United States to escape the Nazis with her husband, a fact that was decisive in his career as a political scientist and scholar of totalitarianism. In 1951 he published “The Origins of Totalitarianism ‘, which examines anti-Semitism, racism and imperialism in the nineteenth century. In the United States, he taught at the Universities of California, Chicago, Columbia and Princeton.
Between 1944 and 1946 he was director of research for the Conference on Jewish Relations. From 1949 to 1952, director of the Jewish Cultural Reconstruction, which is responsible for recovering the Jewish writings that had been scattered by Nazi persecution.
In addition to ‘The Origins of Totalitarianism’ and ‘The banality of evil’, Hannah Arendt wrote other important works of thought in the second half of the twentieth century as ‘The Human Condition’ (1958), ‘Between the past and the future’ (1961) or “the crisis of the Republic ‘(1972).
(Sources: ‘The banality of evil’ and ‘The Origins of Totalitarianism’ Hannah Arendt (Editorial Lumen) Biography of Hannah Arendt in the Encyclopedia Britannica..)