Feminism and literature have walked together since the early medieval writings of Cristina de Pisan until today. In the case of poetry, the work of many authors has been a good source of analysis of female interiority, conflicts with motherhood, the demystification of romantic love and the creative freedom of women. We choose ten essential poets in the Spanish language, both Spanish and Latin American, with a strong feminist mark on his poetry.
Gabriela Mistral (Vicuna, Chile, April 6, 1889-New York, January 10, 1957). The only winning Latina Nobel Prize for Literature notable for a charged humanism poetry in which women and their daily lives, especially mothers and teachers are the protagonists. The social criticism of the situation of women workers is also present in the work of a free intellectual.
Alfonsina Storni (Sala Capriasca, Switzerland, May 29, 1892- Mar del Plata, Argentina, October 25, 1938). Postmodernist poet, besides writer and feminist journalist, Storni defended the right of women to vote and criticized through his newspaper articles gender stereotypes. He lived in constant conflict with her sex and social constraints suffered. His poems are a vindication of women’s freedom. He committed suicide after battling depression and breast cancer. His poem ‘You want me white’ is considered heir to another great feminist composition: ‘Man fools’ Sor Juana Ines.
Magda Portal (Lima, Peru, 27 June 1900 to 11 July 1989). Poet, leader of the Peruvian feminism and political activist, Magda Portal was a rebellious woman whose lyrical work is included in modernism and has left several verses to the story despite leaving soon poetry to focus on politics.
Blanca Varela (Lima, Peru, 10 August 1926 to 12 March 2009). Undoubtedly one of the most important poets of Latin America, Lima Blanca Varela began experimenting feminism late, when it was mother. Before motherhood, her work was “asexual”, which is what she longed to be: a person without a defined sex. Since then he claimed a “proper dimension for women” outside man, the style of Luce Irigaray.
Juana de Ibarbourou (Melo, Uruguay, March 8, 1892 – Montevideo, Uruguay, July 15, 1979). Nature, death and love are recurring themes of poetic imagery of Joan of Ibarbourou, considered a pioneer for his way of portraying the feminine eroticism and sarcasm and irony portrayed the role of women in the society of his time.
Book Highlights: ‘The Diamond languages’ / ‘root Wild’ (Hispanic Literature, Chair).